GNP - Gross National Product

Gross national product (GNP) per capita, which is the dollar value of a country’s final output of goods and services in a year, divided by its population. It reflects the average income of a country’s citizens. Countries with a GNP per capita of $11,116 or more are described as high income countries, between $3,596 and $11,115 as upper middle income, between $906 and $3,595 as lower middle income, and for lower income countries $905 or less.

GNP per capita shows what part of a country’s GNP each person would have if this GNP were divided equally. Knowing a country’s GNP per capita is a good first step toward understanding the country’s economic strengths and needs, as well as the general standard of living enjoyed by the average citizen. A country’s GNP per capita tends to be closely linked with other indicators that measure the social, economic, and environmental well-being of the country and its people. For example, generally people living in countries with higher GNP per capita tend to have longer life expectancies, higher literacy rates, better access to safe water, and lower infant mortality rates.

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TIMSS Math Ranking:

Singapore 605
South Korea 589
Hong Kong 586
Taiwan 585
Japan 570

Science Ranking:

Singapore 578
Taiwan 571
South Korea 558
Hong Kong 556
Japan 552

Population Ranking:

China 1,320m
India 1,160m
USA 300m
Indonesia 230m
Brazil 180m

Literacy Ranking:

Norway 100%
Finland 100%
Luxembourg 100%
Georgia 100%
Cuba 99.8%

Human Development Index Ranking:

Norway 0.97
Iceland 0.96
Australia 0.96
Ireland 0.96
Sweden 0.95